What is Escitalopram (Lexapro)?
Escitalopram, marketed under the brand name Lexapro, is an SSRI (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor) antidepressant. It is primarily prescribed to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Escitalopram works by increasing serotonin levels in the brain, which helps to improve mood and reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Common side effects of Escitalopram include nausea, tiredness, weakness, dizziness, anxiety, trouble sleeping, and sexual problems. Some individuals may experience more severe side effects, such as mood changes, increased suicidal thoughts, or bleeding.
Escitalopram should not be combined with MAO inhibitors or taken within 14 days of discontinuing MAO inhibitors. It should be used cautiously in patients with a history of mania, seizures, liver or kidney disease, and those who are prone to bleeding.
Antes de tomar este medicamento
Patients should inform their healthcare provider about any history of bipolar disorder, liver or kidney disease, seizures, low sodium levels, bleeding disorders, or a history of drug abuse or suicidal thoughts.
Como devo tomar este medicamento?
Escitalopram should be taken exactly as prescribed. It is available in 5mg, 10mg, and 20mg tablets, allowing for flexible dosing based on the patient’s condition and response to treatment.
Informações de dosagem
The usual starting dose is 10mg per day, which may be increased to 20mg after at least one week of treatment. For some patients, a starting dose of 5mg may be sufficient.
O que acontece se eu me esquecer de uma dose?
If a dose is missed, take it as soon as remembered. However, if it’s almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume the regular dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
O que acontece se tiver uma overdose?
An overdose of Escitalopram can be serious, with symptoms including dizziness, tremor, agitation, seizures, rapid heartbeat, nausea, vomiting, and possibly loss of consciousness. Immediate medical attention is necessary.
O que devo evitar enquanto estiver a tomar este medicamento?
Patients should avoid consuming alcohol and be cautious about using other medications that can cause bleeding or affect serotonin levels.
Escitalopram can interact with other antidepressants, blood thinners, NSAIDs, triptans used to treat migraines, and medications that affect the heart’s rhythm.